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September 2008

Using Binaural and Spectral Cues for Azimuth and Elevation Localization

  • article   (333.74KB)
    Copyright (C) IEEE, 2008. The copyright of this material is retained by IEEE. This material is published on this web site by permission of IEEE for your personal use. Not for redistribution.
  • GI08IROS   (1.33KB)
  • T. Rodemann, G. Ince, F. Joublin, C. Goerick,
  • in Proceedinds of the 2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2008),
  • IEEE,
  • 2008,
  • pp. 2185-2190,
  • Conference paper

It is a common assumption that with just two microphones only the azimuth angle of a sound source can be estimated and that a third, orthogonal microphone (or set of microphones) is necessary to estimate the elevation of the source. Recently, using specially designed ears and analyzing spectral cues several researchers managed to estimate sound source elevation with a binaural system. In this work, we show that with two bionic ears both azimuth and elevation angle can be determined using both binaural (e.g. IID and ITD) and spectral cues. This ability can also be used to disambiguate signals coming from the front or back. We present a detailed analysis of both azimuth and elevation localization performance for binaural and spectral cues in comparison. We demonstrate that with a small extension of a standard binaural system a basic elevation estimation capacity can be gained.

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